Diabetes mellitus, commonly known as diabetes, is a long-standing health complaint. It includes three main types: type 1 diabetes, type 2 diabetes, and gestational diabetes. Prediabetes means an individual has elevated levels of blood sugar but not as much as type 2 diabetes has.
Both gestational diabetes (diabetes during pregnancy) and prediabetes can develop into type 2 diabetes if remain poorly treated. Type 1 diabetes, also termed juvenile diabetes, is when one’s immune system damages insulin-producing cells present in the pancreas. Connect with the top diabetologist in Siliguri today.
Type 2 diabetes is when the body cannot make proper use of the insulin produced by the pancreas. This type appears to be the most common type of diabetes. Lifestyle modification is the ultimate key to healing this medical condition. Avail of medical guidance on optimal high blood sugar management.
Common signs of diabetes include frequent urination, excessive thirst, blurry vision, excessive thirst, fatigue, irritability, unexplained weight loss, frequent infections, increased hunger, tingling feeling in the feet/hands, darkening in particular body parts like the neck, etc.
Risk factors for diabetes
Several contributing factors for diabetes involve:
Type 1 diabetes
- A family history of type 1 diabetes, especially in first-degree relatives/parents or siblings
- Age between 4 to 7 years or 10 to 14 years
Type 2 diabetes
- Obesity/excessive body weight
- Family history of type 2 diabetes in parents/siblings (first-degree relatives)
- Polycystic ovary syndrome
- Physical inactivity
- Diabetes during pregnancy
- Age over 45
- Previous gestational diabetes
- Delivery of a baby weighed over 9 pounds
- Polycystic ovary syndrome
Gestational diabetes tends to go away soon after delivery. But it leaves a future risk of type 2 diabetes. Healthy eating and lifestyle improvements may get you promising healing. Possible complications of poorly treated diabetes cardiovascular concerns, eye damage, kidney damage, Alzheimer’s disease, eye health problems, foot damage, anxiety, depression, more bacterial or fungal infections, hearing problems, etc.
Women with gestational diabetes more often deliver healthy babies. Still, there’re complications associated with gestational diabetes, including – premature birth, excessive birth weight, respiratory distress syndrome in the baby, stillbirth, hypoglycemia/low blood sugar in the baby, seizures in the baby due to excessive low blood sugar, etc.
In mothers, it might cause health hazards like gestational diabetes in the next pregnancy or preeclampsia (high blood pressure during pregnancy involving other signs like excess protein in the urine, swelling of feet and hands). You might consider seeing the best diabetologist in Siliguri.
Follow a healthy diet plan, practise yoga/exercise, monitor blood sugar levels, and take medications/insulin therapy on time if prescribed. Make sure to go for routine health checkups in order to keep track of your blood sugar level. Surgical procedures are also available for diabetes. Know about the clinical procedures well before receiving them.