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What is lung Lung Cancer & what are the symptoms & treatment?

Lung cancer is a malignant form of cancer characterized by uncontrolled cell growth in tissues of the lungs, typically in the cells lining air passages.

This abnormal growth can lead to tumor formation, which can interfere with breathing and other bodily functions. It is one of the leading causes of cancer-related deaths among men and women worldwide. Smoking is a major factor in the incidence of lung cancer, although the disease can occur in non-smokers as well.

The most common type of lung cancer is known as non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), which accounts for a majority of all lung cancers. NSCLC tumors can be divided into several broad categories, including adenocarcinomas, squamous cell carcinomas, and large cell carcinomas, depending on the cell type within the tumor.

The less common form of lung cancer is small-cell lung cancer (SCLC), which is distinguished from NSCLC based on the physical appearance of the cancer cells within the body.

Symptoms of Lung Cancer-

Symptoms of this include a persistent cough, changes in the sound of the voice, coughing up increased amounts of sputum, chest pain, difficulty breathing, and becoming easily fatigued.

Other signs of lung cancer might include-

Unintentional weight loss

Fever

Coughing of blood.

Treatments for Lung Cancer-

Treatments for lung cancer vary, depending on the type and stage of cancer. Surgery is often the most successfully utilized route to treating lung cancer.

Other common treatments include chemotherapy and radiation therapy, as well as targeted medicine therapies that can help to identify a tumor’s genetic mutations and target them with specific medicine. In some cases, a combination of treatments may be recommended depending on the location and size of the tumor.

Patients with lung cancer can also receive supportive care in the form of physical therapy, nutritional intervention, counseling, and pain management to help reduce discomfort and muscle weakness.

The support team may also consist of members from different disciplines of oncology, including surgical oncologists, radiation oncologists, and medical oncologists.

Conclusion-

In conclusion, lung cancer is a serious condition with wide-ranging symptoms and treatments. It is important for individuals with a family history of the disease to be aware of the risks and consult their doctor to discuss available treatments and prevention options.

By following the recommended protocol, it is possible to reduce the number of cases of lung cancer, and possibly improve the prognosis and long-term survival rate.

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