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What Are The Treatments For Xerophthalmia?

Xerophthalmia is an illness due to vitamin A deficiency that results in dry eyes. When left untreated, eye dryness can worsen and lead to a spot on the eyes or night blindness.

It may even damage your eye’s cornea and lead to blindness. This condition is most commonly found among adults living in developing nations where nutritional deficiency in people is a severe problem. One can effectively treat this condition with sufficient vitamin A intake.

Diagnosis of Xerophthalmia

These are the following methods that your doctor may use while diagnosing xerophthalmia:

  • Full eye examination: Your doctor will conduct a thorough eye examination.
  • Full medical history evaluation: Your doctor will ask for your medical history and perform a complete assessment, including your food intake.
  • Blood tests: These tests will help you and the doctor determine vitamin A levels in your body.
  • Clinical signs imply that your doctor will evaluate the symptoms that negatively impact your eyes.
  • Dark adaptation testing & night vision tests: The doctor performs these tests to determine how efficiently you can watch in darker and dim light. It also lets them know when your eyes require adjustment to the dark.
  • Impression cytology: This is a tech-based test that checks for any diseases (if any) on the surface of your eyes.
  • Electroretinogram: It helps the doctor know how well your eyes respond to light exposure.

Is it possible to prevent xerophthalmia?

Yes, you can prevent xerophthalmia by avoiding vitamin A deficiency in your body. You can start consuming vitamin-A-rich food sources like:

  • Liver
  • Fish
  • Carrots
  • Sweet potatoes
  • Spinach
  • Fruits like mangoes or cantaloupe

If eating all these food items seems like a hassle, you can opt for vitamin A supplements. Ensure to consult the doctor before you make any changes in your diet.

You can also prevent xerophthalmia by managing certain underlying health conditions that lead to nutritional deficiencies like chronic diarrhea or celiac disease.

You can recover efficiently if you treat xerophthalmia before things get too worse. If left untreated, you’ll most likely get blindness.

Treatment For Xerophthalmia

The best and most immediate treatment solution for xerophthalmia is vitamin A supplementation. You can consume vitamin A both via injection or orally. Your overall health condition and your age will determine the dosage for you.

In cases where the condition progresses and reaches an advanced stage, the affected person’s cornea gets damaged. To prevent any secondary infection, the doctor prescribes antibiotics immediately.

You will have to protect your eyes by covering them until the lesion of the eyes recovers fully. You can reverse the xerophthalmia symptoms quickly and effectively by taking vitamin A supplements.

These supplements are prescribed preventively in parts of the world where xerophthalmia is a common health problem. To be honest, these vitamin A supplements are cost-effective to save lives and people from suffering.

To prevent and treat this condition, people must have basic knowledge about nutrition intake and how to make the most out of food resources. Lower vitamin A deficiency can also be achieved by strengthening commercial foods with vitamin A.

Commercial food manufacturers can fortify these food items with vitamin A:

  • Grains
  • Sugar
  • Milk
  • Oils and Fats

Golden rice is another excellent source of vitamin A as it consists of a vitamin-A-rich compound named beta carotene.


If you experience any trouble with your vision or eyesight, consult a doctor, no matter if it’s just the feeling of dryness in your eyes. Your doctor will conduct a thorough examination of the eyes and the skin. They will determine whether you have vitamin A deficiency or not. If you do, there’s nothing to worry about, as there are plenty of ways to lower this deficiency and eliminate xerophthalmia in no time.

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