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Signs of Heart Diseases In Women

Heart disease is a common name given to a group of disorders of your heart that affect its functioning. As you know, the heart is solely devoted to pumping blood throughout your body. It does so by maintaining your heart rate and blood pressure with the help of blood vessels. Diseases that are included under this category are as follows.

  • Congestive heart failure: It is an illness that affects the pumping power of your heart muscles. Congestive heart failure is symptomatic and its early sign may be shortness of breath.
  • Peripheral artery disease: This condition is associated with obstructed blood flow to the limbs. It happens when the blood vessels become narrow. Peripheral artery disease is common among people who smoke or have diabetes.
  • Coronary artery disease: When plaque starts building up in the arteries, you may feel chest pain with shortness of breath. This is a heart disorder called coronary artery disease. 
  • Valvular heart disease: It is a heart condition that causes irregular heartbeat with chest pain. Valvular heart disease is characterized by damage in one of the valves in the heart. 
  • Arrhythmia: It is the medical name for an irregular heartbeat. Arrhythmia is a disorder in which your heart beats either too fast or slow. It may be a severe condition in some people and lead to cardiac arrest.
  • Pericardial disease: It is an inflammation of layers of the sac that contains your heart and the extremes (roots) of great vessels in the body. Pericardial disease, also known as Pericarditis, might be a result of a heart attack or viral infection.

Most of the time, the signs of heart disease in women are misinterpreted to be indigestion or flu. Here are the signs you must look out for if you have a family history of heart disease or a greater risk of developing them. 

Chest pain or discomfort

Chest pain is already a very known heart attack symptom. It is accompanied by several other events like breathlessness or dizziness. Pain may originate from a variety of sources in your chest. Not always chest pain means heart disease. Sometimes, wearing tight-fitted clothes, muscle strains, or indigestion (gas) may lead to pressure in your chest. However, persistent or recurrent chest discomfort may be alarming.

Shortness of breath

When your heart muscles are not able to pump enough blood as they should, the blood starts backing up in your lungs. This affects your breathing process. You may experience shortness of breath or a choking feeling in your throat. Most people with heart disease go through breathlessness after exertion (activities like walking fast or running, eating fast, exercising, dancing, etc). Labored breathing or dyspnea may also be a consequence of anxiety, a panic attack, or pulmonary disease.

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