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Breaking Fluids Apart: Wastewater Treatment in India

As a country of 1.3 billion people, India stands vulnerable to changes in water supply with over 600 million facing extreme water stress, according to the NITI Aayog report from 2018.

India, which relies heavily on agriculture to meet its food security needs, suffers from water scarcity and the availability of contaminated water. In urban areas, water demands are high and put heavy pressure on readily available resources.

Wastewater treatment in India is of concern when only a third of the population is working to achieve sustainable water management practices.

Taking that into account, wastewater treatment companies are set up on grounds that utilize chemical, biological, or physical processes, or a combination thereof to achieve a level of sanitation.

Currently, we are transporting water from hundreds of kilometers to various cities which is both inefficient and energy-consuming.

Fresh Water Source – The Dumping Ground for Industries

About 80% of the water that flows back into the ecosystem is wastewater. This is not only alarming or critical, water treatment purifies it to a level of desired quality; but as the purity increases, so does the cost of attaining it.

For years, industries have been dumping their chemical and biological waste without consideration for the resource. As the health hazard poses a threat to the existence of mankind, India has the capacity to treat approximately 37% of its wastewater, or 22,963 million liters per day (MLD), against a daily sewage generation of approximately 61,750 MLD according to a report of the Central Pollution Control Board.

To top it off, most wastewater treatment plants do not function to their maximum capacity.

Wastewater Management Goals

Paradigm shifts from ‘use and throw’ to ‘use, treat, and reuse’ approach is necessary to manage wastewater. Something as simple as reusing wastewater would be a big step in achieving water security.

Given the treatment level, treated wastewater can be sourced for multiple industries and agricultural purposes – if they meet a set level of parameters. 

Centralized wastewater treatment is imperative in large, well-developed urban areas, but such treatment is expensive, labor-intensive, and time and energy-consuming.

In addition to that, a well-developed network of sewers and drainage blocks for the wastewater is of prior importance rather than being treated.

The NITI Aayog report warns that by 2030 water demand could be twice the existing supply leading to severe water scarcity for millions and a ~6% loss to the country’s GDP.

Water Treatment Solutions

Working towards Efficient & Sustainable Water Solutions

Companies offer efficient, sustainable, and complete water treatment solutions and have executed some of India’s biggest projects in this space. Offering management, expert in-house engineering, and a design team enables to delivery of advanced solutions and a higher degree of customer satisfaction.

The wastewater management solutions meet the stringent demands of the urban and rural areas and work towards achieving minimum surface and groundwater pollutants that are in accordance with the National Green Tribunal (NGT) standards and regulations.

Their innovative solutions comprise:

➔        Water treatment (raw, process, desalination)

➔        Sewage treatment

➔        Wastewater and effluent treatment

➔        Recycling and zero liquid discharge

➔        Sludge treatment

➔        Intake waterworks

➔        Water and wastewater network management

➔        Tertiary treatment plants

➔        Biogas system for power generations

In the end, it is imperative that the citizens understand their responsibilities and rights towards wastewater treatment companies in India. 

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