High blood pressure or hypertension is a condition faced by more than half of adults. It occurs when your blood pressure rises to harmful levels. In simple words, blood pressure means the pressure put by blood against the walls of your arteries or blood vessels.
This is also considered a “silent killer” since your body experiences very few or no symptoms when your blood pressure level increases. Specifically, blood pressure is determined using both the amount of blood your heart pumps and the narrowness of the arteries. This means that if your heart pumps more blood (than usual) and the narrow arteries impose resistance, your blood pressure will elevate as a consequence.
The readings of blood pressure are given using two numbers. These include:
- Top number: This number gives the systolic pressure. It measures the pressure in your blood vessels when your heart pumps blood.
- Lower number: It gives the diastolic pressure. This number measures the pressure in your arteries between heartbeats.
The normal blood pressure level is between 90/60mmHg and 120/80mmHg. Your doctor may call it “120 systolic and 80 diastolic” or “120 over 80”.
How do I exactly feel with high BP?
For most people, high blood pressure is a silent condition. It may not show any signs or symptoms. However, it is fatal and can itself be a symptom of heart attack and kidney problems.
Severe hypertension can have certain effects on you, including:
- Shortness of breath
- Chest pain
- Vision changes
- Blood in the urine
To your surprise, blood pressure and cancer also have a connection. An elevated BP is a very common side effect of chemotherapy and targeted therapy for cancer.
Why does my BP increase often?
The causes of high blood pressure can be understood using its types. There are two types of hypertension:
- Primary hypertension
This type of high BP doesn’t commonly have any cause. It can occur with age and can be managed using prescription *****. An unhealthy lifestyle and lack of physical exercise can, however, contribute a bit.
- Secondary hypertension
Hypertension of this type occurs as a consequence of other health problems. Often, people with secondary hypertension tend to experience sudden and frequent elevations in their BP levels. Its major causes include kidney diseases, thyroid problems, tumors in the adrenal glands, certain ***** (Amphetamine and *******), genetic defects in the blood vessels, and birth control pills.
Am I at risk of getting high BP?
Your risk of getting high blood pressure increases with the following:
- Having an age of 50 years and above.
- Not taking up enough physical exercise.
- Eating foods that contain a higher amount of sodium.
- Having an unhealthy weight.
- Consuming alcohol.
See your doctor if you are getting a high level of blood pressure for longer and frequent times.