Diabetes is a condition in which your level of blood glucose becomes too high. Whatever you eat or drink produces blood glucose in your body. It is the main source of energy. This energy is further carried to different cells and tissues by a hormone (Insulin) made by the pancreas.
When your body doesn’t use Insulin well or the blood glucose is not carried by the Insulin appropriately, glucose stays in the blood and starts causing problems. This disease has no permanent cure. It can be managed using certain medicines and exercises though.
Diabetes is of two types commonly.
- Type 1 Diabetes
Type 1 diabetes means your body does not make insulin to carry blood glucose to different cells. This happens when your immune system attacks the cells that produce insulin and hinder its production. Thus, patients with this type of diabetes receive an insulin injection every day to survive. Also, its exact cause is unknown.
- Type 2 Diabetes
In this type of diabetes, your cells start resisting the activity of insulin. Also, your pancreas slowly becomes unable to produce insulin for the transportation of blood glucose. Both genetic and environmental factors play a vital role in causing type 2 diabetes. However, the exact reason is not known yet.
Diabetes comes with multiple symptoms.
Generally, people with diabetes experience all or some of the following:
- Blurry vision
- Extreme fatigue
- Increased thirst
- Extreme hunger
- Weight loss
- Frequent urination
- Sores that don’t go away
- Frequent infections
Diabetes patients who also have other health problems may experience severe signs. For example, individuals with diabetes and cancer become more prone to opportunistic infections and tend to develop fever, cough, and chills often.
Some symptoms experienced mostly by women include:
- Urinary tract infections
- Yeast infections
- Dry skin
Some symptoms experienced mostly by men include:
- Decreased *** drive
- Poor muscle strength
- Erectile dysfunction